This picture, taken January 14, shows a tray from one of a few Deep South greenhouses that have emerging seedlings already.
Seedlings have emerged in a few greenhouses in Georgia and Florida. "But most greenhouse operators will begin seeding in earnest this week and next," says J. Michael Moore, Georgia Extension tobacco specialist. Most plants are produced commercially in the Deep South, he says. "Farmers have placed their orders and are making plans on a successful season."
Other states have a way to go before seeding should begin. There is always a temptation to start early if you have time on your hands but N.C. Extension tobacco specialist Matthew Vanncounsels against it. "Don't be lulled into seeding your greenhouse just because there's nothing else to do," he says.
If you re-use greenhouse trays, rinse them prior to fall storage and disinfect them just before seeding in the spring, says Eric Walker, Tn. Extension tobacco specialist. Avoid storing sanitized trays in areas where they may come in contact with soil or debris. Or you could cover your trays with plastic or a tarp.
The new flue variety NC 938 performed very well in testing last summer. "It offers very high resistance to both strains of black shank and also has very high yield potential," says Matthew Vann, N.C. Extension tobacco specialist. "But its resistance to Granville wilt is only moderate." He suggests planting some NC 938 this year in hot black shank fields, manage it just as you normally would, and see how it does against standard resistant varieties. All three producers of flue-cured seed are selling this variety this season.
Nimitz, a new non-fumigant nematicide, may be available for tobacco this year. It depends on if it passes the industry smoke test in time. The manufacturer Adama obtained registration last June for use of Nimitz on tobacco. Distribution will be handled through normal channels. Watch this space for more information.
Whenever you get Nimitz, it should be a good option for nematode control. "Like any contact nematicide, the control you get is not as good as you would expect from a fumigant," says Alex Csinos, University of Georgia plant pathologist. "But in situations where you can't or don't want to use fumigants, it can be a good second choice. It is way better than no-thing at all." Most farmers will apply it to the soil -- either broadcast or in bands -- and incorporate it. Efficient application will be important because the cost of the material will be high.
The availability of Telone II is a matter of some concern. "It is likely that delivery through dealers will be on the slow side," says Moore. "Farmers can't afford much of a delay in application of Telone II."
Belted by lack of Belt? "The loss of Belt puts pressure on the grower to choose wisely among what few insecticides are available," says Moore. There are still opportunities to rotate chemistries to maximize the benefit of the insecticides you have and to avoid the development of resistance, he adds.
January 20. Annual Meeting, Council for Burley Tobacco, Lexington (Ky.) Convention Center. Noon (in conjunction with Tobacco Expo).
February 1-3. Southern Farm Show. N.C. State Fairgrounds, Raleigh, N.C. 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.
February 3. Annual Meeting, Tobacco Growers Association of N.C., Holshouser Bldg., N.C. State Fairgrounds. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., ending with lunch (during Southern Farm Show).
February 7, Tennessee-Kentucky Tobacco Expo, Robertson County Fairgrounds, 4635 Highway 41 North, Springfield, Tn. 8 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.Sponsored lunch. Includes a trade show. Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification Training and GAP Training sessions will be provided. For more information, call 615-384-7936.
THE SOUTHERN FARM SHOW
Exhibits of interest to tobacco growers listed by location on the N.C. State Fairgrounds. List courtesy of Southern Shows Inc.Note To Exhibitors: If you are not listed below and would like to be included in the late January issue ofTFN,please write to chrisbickers @gmail.com.
January 23, 8 a.m. Caswell County Civic Center, 536 Main St., East Yanceyville NC. Registration opens at 8 a.m. Meeting will start at 9 a.m.. Lunch will be served. Contact Joey E. Knight III at email@example.com or 336-694-4158.
January 24, 9 a.m. Harnett County Government Complex Commons Area, 309 W. Cornelius Harnett Blvd., Lillington NC 27546. Registration begins at 8 a.m. Contact Brian Parrish at brian_ firstname.lastname@example.org or 910-893-7530.
February 3, 1:30 p.m. Holshouser Bld., NC State Fair Grounds, Raleigh NC (after the TGANC Annual Meeting during Southern Farm Show). Lunch will be provided. Contact Matthew Vann at matthew_ email@example.com or 919-513-0904.
January 30, 10 a.m. Stewart County Visitors Ctr., 117 Visitors Ctr. Lane, Dover, Tn. Start time not final. Contact Joe Griffy at firstname.lastname@example.org or 931-232-5682.
February 7, 8 a.m. Robertson Co. Fairgrounds Bldg., 4635 Highway 41 North, Springfield, Tn. Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification Training and GAP Training sessions will be provided. Contact Eric Walker at ewalke22 @utk.edu or 731-394-0389.
February 20, 5 p.m. Montgomery County Extension Office, 1030 Cumberland Heights Rd., Ste. A, Clarksville, Tn. Dinner at 6:30 p.m. Contact Rusty Evans at email@example.com or 931-648-5725.