A farm worker loads trays of plants onto a setter in this file photo showing burley transplanting. Photo by Chris Bickers.
In South Carolina, a small amount of the crop—maybe 10 percent—had been set out through last Friday, says Matthew Inman, S.C. tobacco Extension specialist. There might have been more, but a freeze on the Thursday and Friday before Easter delayed almost everyone. But now farmers are transplanting full bore. Plants in the greenhouse appear to be satisfactory. “Considering that it was rainy and cloudy for extended periods, the season went about as well as it could,” says Inman...In Georgia, transplanting was far further along, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service.
The last word on pesticide choice should always be your contract, says Matthew Vann, North Carolina Extension tobacco specialist. “Just because a pesticide is labeled for tobacco does not mean it is accepted by your contracting company,” he says. “There are major differences in what various buying companies have deemed acceptable for application." There is no longer a one size fits all approach for Extension recommendations, he says. "There is usually information in a tobacco contract that outlines specific pesticides that cannot be used to grow a crop," he says.
In Kentucky, the weather has been good for transplant production, and it looks like there will be a good crop of plants when farmers go to the field around May 1 or later, says Bob Pearce, Kentucky Extension tobacco specialist. As far as he knows, none has been set out so far…Pearce thinks USDA’s estimate of burley plantings in Kentucky of 36,000 acres (down slightly from 2020) may be about right.
In the Virginia Piedmont, Appomattox County’s burley and dark fire-cured growers are not rushing to take plants to the field the field, says Bruce Jones, Extension agriculture agent. “Most are waiting till around May 10,” he says. Plants look good in the greenhouse at this point.
In Tennessee, a new Extension tobacco specialist has taken his post on the campus of the University of Tennessee Knoxville. He is Mitchell Richmond, a Kentuckian who most recently was tobacco team leader of the Canadian Tobacco Research Foundation. He can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. or by mobile phone at 606-316-4536.
REPORT FROM OVERSEAS
ARGENTINA: The governor of the province of Jujuy thinks tobacco growers in the province should replace tobacco with cannabis. Jujuy Province Governor Gerardo Morales said in the Buenos Aires Times he hopes that 10 years from now “we will stop planting tobacco and [instead] plant cannabis.” That would result in farmers earning a lot more money, Morales said, “and they are going to provide more income to the province.” Jujuy, in northwest Argentina, is one of the two significant flue-cured-producing provinces in Argentina. The other is the neighboring province of Salta.
MALAWI: The tobacco marketing season will begin on Tuesday of this week. The first sales will take place in the capital city of Lilongwe, according to the Tobacco Commission.
ZIMBABWE: Sales of tobacco in Zimbabwe have been projected to increase by 8.7 percent over the last season The reason? Production areas received the highest rainfall in three years, the Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board said.
CORRECTION: in the April I 2021 issue, the date of the USDA Prospective Plantings report for 2021 was incorrectly given. The correct date was March 31, 2021.
Welcome to the April II, 2021, issue of Tobacco Farmer Newsletter. If you haven't signed on to receive the newsletter regularly, please email your subscription request to TFN at email@example.com. Include phone number and your affiliation with tobacco, such as farmer, buyer, dealer or Extension agent.
Your copy should address 3 key questions: Who am I writing for? (Audience) Why should they care B
Your copy should address 3 key questions: Who am I writing for? (Audience) Why should they care? (Be
the USDA's first survey of tobacco farmers for the year, was issued August 30.
The results were a bit of a surprise since modest increases had been predicted
by many individuals in the industry. They did not materialize except for the
dark types. But USDA surveys tend to be a bit nebulous, especially in the early
season, so we will watch to see if someone comes up with a higher estimate.
now, USDA's projection is the only one available. Following is projected acreage
by type: Flue-cured acreage for the coming crop 127,500, unchanged from last
year, Burley acreage at 40,850 acres, six percent less than 2020, and Fire-cured
and dark air-cured down five and two percent respectively. Pennsylvania
seedleaf was down 22 percent, while Southern Maryland tobacco was up 50 percent.
Both these types are grown primarily in Pennsylvania.
Following are the projections of intended area divided by states.
North Carolina: 102,000 acres, no change.
Virginia: 12,000 acres, no change.
Georgia: 7,000 acres, down 11 percent.
South Carolina: 6,500 acres, up eight percent.
All Flue-cured: 127,500 acres, no change.
Kentucky: 36,000 acres, down three percent.
Tennessee: 2,800 acres, no change.
Pennsylvania: 1,400 acres, down 50 percent.
North Carolina: 400 acres, down six percent.
Virginia: 360 acres, down 10 percent.
All Burley: 40,850 acres, down six percent.
Fire-cured: 15,050 acres, up five percent.
Dark air-cured: 10,000 acres, up two percent.
Pennsylvania Seedleaf: 1,800 acres, down 22 percent.
Southern Maryland: 600 acres, up 50 percent.
In other tobacco news:
How to minimize weed seein flue-cured leaf: Start with PRE applications of
Spartan and Command, says Matthew Vann, N.C. Extension tobacco specialist. Layby
herbicide applications should be considered also: Applying something at layby is
better than applying nothing. Layby herbicides at the end of the season increase
weed control by eight to 50 percent depending on weed species, active
ingredient, application rate, growing conditions. “Not once have we observed
injury or stunting--when labels are followed and we’re not sloppy--nor have we
failed to significantly improve weed control in end of season ratings,” says
Vann. “Given the strain and cost of labor for hand weeding, adding a residual
layby product such as Devrinol or Prowl to the mix might be worthwhile if you
are not already using one, Vann says.
Where does American leaf stand on the world market? Hank Mozingo, president of
Tobacco Associates, said at TA's annual meeting that conventional, combustible
cigarette manufacturers are, without exception, the final purchaser of any
significant quantities of U.S. flue-cured. "All cigarette manufacturer product
decisions that are not regulatory requirements are dictated by the bottom line,"
he said. "Materials used to produce cigarettes must either reduce product unit
cost or increase the number of units sold." Tobacco leaf, of all types, is the
single most costly component of making a cigarette. "The price of U.S.-grown
flue-cured is significantly higher than non-U.S. tobacco of the same variety.
Just replacing a company's regular supply of flue-cured leaf with U.S.
flue-cured would increase product cost by a minimum of about twenty-four cents
per carton." Maintenance of product cost is paramount to any profitable
cigarette manufacturer anywhere, Mozingo said.
The disappearance of tobacco farmers: Grower base has declined 90 percent
since the tobacco buyout, says Will Snell, Kentucky Extension ag economist.
And that probably will not be all. "Given tightening margins, the product market
outlook, the increasing share of imported leaf, dilapidating infrastructure,
and [obtaining] labor, further concentration will likely occur," Snell says.
"While concerning for the tobacco growing sector as a whole, this expected
outcome may create additional opportunities for the remaining growers."
REPORT FROM OVERSEAS
Brazil: Slavery in the south?
A Brazilian leaf exporter has been charged with using slave labor
on a tobacco farm, according to Reuter’s news service. Nine workers, some of
them children, were removed recently from a farm in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil’s
leading tobacco-producing state in the southern part of the country. Labor
inspectors said the workers were living in poor conditions and were paid less
than a third of minimum wage. They also lacked protective gear, leaving them
exposed to high concentrations of nicotine. The company is Continental Tobaccos
Alliance. There was no word as to what charge if any was given to the farm
Cuba: Cigar leaf crop coming off well. Harvest in the leading tobacco-producing
province of Pinar del Rio is well under way, according to an
official of TABACUBA, a tobacco company. In a story carried by the Cuban News
Agency, Virginio Morales Novo, agricultural specialist said that the gathering
for this crop had surpassed nine million bushels, representing 85 percent of
plantings, he said. Good yields were projected, especially in the areas with
guaranteed irrigation, and curing was going well. The original target plantings
in the province amounted to 15,800 hectares, but actual plantings peaked at more
than 16,800 hectares. But some acres were lost to bad weather.
Welcome to the April I, 2021, issue of Tobacco Farmer Newsletter.
If you haven't signed on to receive the newsletter regularly,
please email your subscription request to TFN at chrisbickers@ gmail.com.
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THE HISTORY OF BURLEY
You can still get a copy of The Bluegrass and Beyond, Christopher Bickers' account of the historic basis of the modern burley industry. Send $20 plus $8 shipping and han-dling to No. 126, 7413 Six Forks Road, Raleigh, N.C. 27615. Make check to Chris-topher Bickers. Or call 919 789 4631 or email chris firstname.lastname@example.org
PS: If you have already ordered a copy and you haven't received it, call the number above.